Your right to appeal suspension from school
If you’re a high-school student and you’ve been issued a disciplinary measure by your school which you think is unjust – such as, for example, a longer suspension (1-3 months) – you can assess the righteousness of the decision and eventually file a complaint by reviewing the Code of Conduct and Disciplinary Measures for Secondary School Students. This Code specifically states that you can be suspended for longer periods of 1-3 months only if you’ve engaged in violence, if you’ve missed 32 classes without justification, or – and this is where the code leaves space for arbitrary decisions – if you generally haven’t abided by school decisions and regulations. You can also be suspended if you repeat minor breaches and disregard earlier verbal or written warnings.
If you are issued a lengthier suspension decision based on a minor breach of the code of conduct that is not related to the three breaches listed above – and especially if you haven’t received prior written warnings – you might have a case for an appeal. Nonetheless, in case the appeal fails and the suspension is upheld, the Municipal Directorate for Education is obliged to secure alternative forms of education for you. As a high-school student, on top of the rights you are entitled to, you also have an obligation to be respectful of the educational process and not be and disruptive.
The first step in the appeal process is an appeal directed to the School Council. If that doesn’t work, the second level to which you can file an appeal is the Municipal Directorate of Education (MDE). The appeal needs to be processed to the MDE within three days after the school decision on suspension. In turn, the MDE is also obliged to make a decision within three days. The implementation of the decision is postponed until a decision by the MDE on the appeal.