Discrimination or abuse at school
The legal framework of Kosovo protects you from discrimination on any grounds at school, either while attempting to access educational institutions or while attending them. The Law on Pre-University Education clearly states that no person can be denied the right to education, and that there cannot be any discrimination in access and advancements, specifically outlining discrimination based on: gender, race, sexual orientation, physical disability, race, religion, political opinions, nationality, ethnicity, social identity, etc. The Law also obliges those who work for schools to ensure that pupils are not hurt or exposed to offensive words or actions, and prohibits any kind of physical violence or other forms of abusive punitive measures.
Specific anti-discrimination and anti-abuse clauses for schools are outlined in the Law on Pre University Education and the Law on Higher Education. Nonetheless, such issues are also touched upon in the Constitution and other cross-cutting laws such as the Law on Anti-Discrimination.
Schools are obliged by their statutes to ensure that the rights of pupils are upheld and also to provide mechanisms through which complaints can be addressed.
Appeals on violations of rights at schools are initially addressed to the municipal level, but the second layer of appeals (if needed) is the Ministry of Education. Discrimination claims can also be processed through the Ombudsperson Institution in Kosovo.