Your right to appeal suspension from school
If you’re a high-school student and you’ve been issued a disciplinary measure by your school which you think is unjust – such as, for example, a longer suspension (1-3 months) – you can assess the righteousness of the decision and eventually file a complaint. You can do this by reading the Code of Conduct and Disciplinary Measures for Secondary School Students. This Code specifically states that you can be suspended for longer periods of 1-3 months only if you’ve engaged in violent cases, if you’ve missed 32 classes without justification, or – and this is where the code leaves space for arbitrary decisions – if you generally haven’t abided by school decisions and regulations. A student can also be suspended from school and it he/she repeats minor breaches and disregard earlier verbal or written warnings.
If you are issued a lengthier suspension decision based on a minor breach of the Code of Conduct that is not related to the three breaches listed above – and especially if you haven’t received prior written warnings – you might have a case for an appeal. In case your appeal fails and the suspension is upheld, then the Municipal Directorate for Education is obliged to ensure alternative forms of education for you.
The first step in appeal submission process is the School Council. If that doesn’t work, the second level to which you can file an appeal is the Municipal Directorate of Education (MDE). The appeal needs to be filed to the directorate of MDE within three days after school’s decision on suspension. The directorate is obliged to decide within three days. Implementation of the decision for suspension is postponed until a decision is brought by the MDE on the appeal.