Working as juvenile

  • Find it in the Law:
    Law on Labour, Article 7, Working Age- ("Terms and Criteria for the Establishment of Employment Relationship") and Article 45 ("Protection of Youth")
  • Who is responsible:
    Your employer
  • Who can help me:
    Labour Inspectorate, Ombudsperson Institution
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The Law on Labour states that you can enter an employment relationship only after you’ve turned 18 years old. But you can also be engaged in some forms of labour starting from the age of 15 – under the condition that the job does not carry any health or developmental risks. The Law on Labour obliges employers to make sure that workers under age of 18 are not involved in such risky tasks. It specifically stipulates, for example, that they cannot work underground, under water, at dangerous heights or closed premises; cannot operate with dangerous machinery or heavy equipment; cannot work in unhealthy environments which exposes them to dangerous substances, factors or processes and cannot work in difficult conditions such as extended working hours or night shifts. Also, juveniles can’t work for more than 30 hours per week. If you are between the ages of 15 and 18 and you are being asked by your employer to do some of these banned works, and especially if you have endured mental or physical suffering as a result of such engagement, you have a legal right to complain and receive compensation.

If you feel that you have been the victim of discrimination at work, this issue should be initially addressed with your employer. If your work place has a mechanism that is responsible for such complaints addressing (ex. Office of human resources), then they are legally obliged by Article 78 of the Law on Labor to make a decision about your claim within 15 working days.

If your labor rights are violated and there are no ways to resolve the issue through deliberations with your employer, you can alert the Labor Inspectorate in the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare by submitting an appeal. Labour Inspectors can inspect your workplace while preserving the privacy of your complaint and take necessary steps to address the situation, which could entail providing advice to the employer on how to resolve the problem, issue fines or even halt production until the issues have been resolved. The Labor Inspectorate is obliged by Article 82 of the Law on Labour to issue a decision regarding your appeal within 30 days from when you filed your complaint or inform you at least that the decision will be postponed. If this does not lead you to any resolution, then the issue can be filed with the Competent Court.

  

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