Freedom of public gathering
You and a group of people are decisive on an issue and want to take action regarding it by organizing a peaceful protest, but you are not sure if this is permitted by the law? Freedom of public gathering is a right guaranteed by the Constitution. According to it, each person has the right to organize or to participate in gatherings, protests or demonstrations. The Law on Public Gatherings points out that the police and institutions dealing with security should create safe conditions for organizers / protest participants and guarantee freedom of expression. However, these rights may be limited in the circumstances when public order, health, national security or the rights of others are threatened. It should be stressed that public gatherings are not permitted to be held within the premises of public institutions.
The Law on Public Gathering states that the organizers of public gatherings or of a protest must notify the police at least 72 hours before the gathering and must receive a confirmation or refusal of the right to organize it. Organizers must submit all relevant information regarding the protest (timetables, names of the organizer, expected number of participants, etc.). Urgent gatherings can also be organized without prior 72 hours’ notice, but in this case the police must be informed at least three hours before the gathering.
Any violation of the right to gathering, including rejection of the permission to hold the protest or the violence against protesters, may be addressed to the Kosovo Police Inspectorate.