Getting fired or suspended
Your boss has fired you without notice and suddenly you are jobless and without source of income? You should know that the Law on Labour provides some safeguards from such arbitrary measures. Before your employer can terminate your contract, he/she is legally obliged to send a prior warning (written letter) describing whatever he found to be unsatisfactory in your performance and state what needs to be improved. Only failure to improve on the issues mentioned in this letter of notice can be accepted as grounds for a later dismissal from work. In such a case, the employer is legally obliged to send a termination notice at least 30 days before the final day of your contract (if you worked for this employer between six months and two years), or 45 days before the final day of your contract (if you worked there for more than two years. The employer can also suspend you for a period of up to six months. You should know that during this period he/she is obliged to pay you 50% of your salary. After six months, the employer should either return you to work or terminate your contract. Any violation of these rights on the termination of contract or suspension may result with fines or compensations paid to you by the employer.
If you feel that your rights have been breached, you need to address your concerns firstly with your employer. If your employer has a body that is responsible for dealing with such complaints (ex. a Human Resources Office), then according to Article 78 this body (mechanism) is responsible to bring a decision related with your complaint within 15 working days.
If you are still unsatisfied with the way how has your employer treated your appeal and think that your rights have been breached, or if you do not get an answer from your employer within the 15 days foreseen by law, the Law on Labour says that you may initiate a work dispute process at the Competent Court. You can do so within 30 days from the day when your employer has received the decision for your complaint or if reviewing period of your complaint has ended without receiving an answer.