Basic entitlements while on the job

  • Find it in the Law:
    Law on Labour
  • Who is responsible:
    Your employer
  • Who can help me:
    Labour Inspectorate, Court, Ombudsperson Institution

If you are working for a public institution or private company but aren’t sure what kind of basic rights and benefits you’re entitled to in your contract, you should know that all of them are enshrined in the Law on Labor. First of all, your employer is legally bound to sign an employment contract with you which can be set either for an indefinite period, a fixed period or for specific tasks and duties. The contract is also by law required to specify many aspects of your job such as the nature of the work you’ll be doing, your working hours, your basic salary, your vacation periods, etc.

The Law also points out that your full time working hours can be maximum 40 hours per week and can be reduced to no less than 20 and only if your tasks have a high level of hazard. Overtime work on the other hand cannot exceed eight hours a week. Your employer is also legally obliged to allow a break of at least 30 minutes during working hours and give you a day of rest between two days of 12 hours non-stop work. You are also by law entitled to at least four weeks of paid annual leave during a calendar year, even if you are only working part time, and 20 days of paid sick leave. You also can get paid leave in case of marriage (5 days), death of a close family member (5 days) and birth of child (3 days). You also legally cannot be paid a wage that is lower than the minimum wage of 130 EUR.

If you rights on labour are violated and you cannot find way to resolve them in communication with your employer, in that case you can inform the Labour Inspectorate within the Ministry of Work and Social Welfare by submitting a complaint. Labour Inspectors can inspect your workplace while preserving the privacy of your complaint and take necessary steps to address the situation, which could entail providing advice to the employer on how to resolve the problem, issue fines or even halt production until the issues have been resolved. The Labor Inspectorate is obliged by Article 82 of the Law on Labour to issue a decision regarding your appeal within 30 days from when you filed your complaint or inform you at least that the decision will be postponed. If this does not lead you to any resolution, then the issue can be filed with the Competent Court.


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